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Label: justice

Report “They are children, They are victims” on child trafficking in Spain

Last Wednesday I had the honor to attend the presentation of the report They are children, They are victims. Situation of minors trafficked in Spain, by the University Institute of Migration Studies (iuem) of the Universidad Pontificia Comillas de Madrid (the authors are José María Castaño Reyero and Ana Pérez Adroher) in collaboration with Spanish UNICEF Committee.

From Espirales CI welcome this document that combines three basic elements.

On the one hand, is a wakeup call to society to all kinds of professionals on this subject as invisible. It was a pleasure to see so many professionals involved in this area, and also see how this problem has appeared in various media. Much work remains ahead, but naming things is a first step.

On the other hand, The document provides a comprehensive conceptualization of children casuistry, and adolescents trafficked in Spain: mostly teenage girls for sexual exploitation, but also boys, and children younger, and labor exploitation, begging, and forced marriages. Y, very interesting, the sons and daughters of trafficked women, which they are sometimes held hostage by criminal organizations, both here in Spain and in their countries of origin, and serve to exercise control over their mothers.

Last, five conclusions which are five steps to take from the report:

  • The sons and daughters of trafficked women are also considered victims of trafficking (with all its special protection rights).
  • The need for child victims of trafficking are identified, priority, as children, with all the rights that are recognized them as such.
  • The importance of creating a record of coordinating all trafficking victims statewide.
  • The urgency that there are specific resources for children, and adolescent victims of trafficking, they can not be general protection, trafficking networks because they are located and recovered.
  • The training of professionals who have contact with children, and adolescent victims of trafficking (from Espirales CI we have already given several formations thereon, and we offer resources in blog entries on the subject of trafficking).

They have also created a video that summarizes some key findings briefly, for rapid dissemination.

Congratulations for all entities and individuals who have made possible the emergence of this report and recommend its detailed reading.

F. Javier Romeo

Pepa article Oven: “The voice of the victims”

voz_victimas_pere_tarresThese weeks have participated in the Master of the Faculty of Social Education and Social Work Pere Tarrés of Ramon Llull University and as part of my work with them I was asked a collaboration to blog collaborating professors at university.

The article aims to influence one of the demands of advocacy in which we from Espirales CI more years working: the need to build a social and political lobbying around child abuse and sexual abuse constituted by the associations of adults who were victims in their childhood. It is they, that now that they have sufficient autonomy and have been able to recover their “voice” when preparing its history and pain, which can claim legitimacy and forcefulness to society and the institutions effective intervention in the prevention and eradication of these problems.

The article is available here.

I hope this article will help to move the process forward humbly.

Pepa Horno

Documentary “New Girls 24 hours” Mabel Lozano on human trafficking

Shocking. Uncomfortable. Essential.

The last friday, 4 September 2015, It was the official premiere of the documentary in Madrid “New Girls 24 hours”, (@chicasnuevas24h) directed and co-produced by Mabel Lozano (LozanoMabel). Since Spiral Consulting Children spent years working to prevent, detection and intervention in cases of is of children, girls and adolescents for sexual exploitation and know Mabel Lozano's work in this area. So I bought my ticket to the premiere and the subsequent discussion with the principal and other personalities. I left shocked and at the same time with some satisfaction at the results, Despite the hardness of the subject: to have a new material, so valuable, and because it is taking so popular (tickets to the premiere and the next day sold out, social networks are very active in this regard, the public is composed not only by professionals in the field but also by the general public knows so an issue as invisible).

You can see the main trailer to get an idea, in which you can identify its main features.

First, It is a documentary Shocking. Relates directly extreme violation of children, adolescent and adult sexual exploitation within the trafficking networks, and that always hits. It combines the great figures (trafficking in Spain moves daily about five million euros, moves around the world 32.000 million annually…) with concrete stories of girls and women exploited within their own country (intra deals) and out (international trafficking). And details

It is also a documentary uncomfortable. For details that trafficking in persons is not a matter of a few criminals, but there are many sectors of society that profit while closing their eyes (major newspapers with ads of contacts that the victims never would write, Travel agencies, taxi drivers, municipalities to tax the supposedly local “voluntary alternate”), and especially the misnamed “customers”, to Rocio Mora, the APRAMP, It is given in the name of the documentary “prostituyentes” (if there was no demand, there would offer).

And it is certainly a documentary essential. Because despite the harshness of the subject, not enter any moment in the rough. In fact, as said the director herself in the subsequent discussion the premiere (and appears on your website), in Paraguay they are translating the entire documentary Guarani and they will be mapped to all secondary schools in the capital, as prevention, and since it is also preparing the translation into Quechua to carry educational and social centers Peru. He trafficking for sexual exploitation is not an issue of sex, or at least it should not be seen as well: it is an issue of violation of basic rights, it is an issue of slavery and mistreatment. And it's a matter of money (It is among the three most lucrative illegal business, beside the arms trade and drug trafficking).

Anything to improve? The documentary is clearly oriented from a gender perspective, which it is essential in the phenomenon of trafficking for purposes of sexual exploitation, since the majority of sufferers are women and girls and the vast majority of those charged are men, and it is suitable. But, What about children and adolescents, who they are also victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation, and even some adult men are also exploited? I would have liked that at least they would have mentioned also, so that young boys do not become invisible in invisible.

Since Spiral Consulting Children wish him all the best documentary, and hope it can be affordable in multiple formats in many places.

And while we encourage you to watch the trailer, to investigate the news of his web (many opinion articles have very enriching) and be aware of your local billboard, to see when it premieres.

It is continuing to create awareness.

F. Javier Romeo

Upgrading to 23 September 2015, International Day Against the Sexual Exploitation and Trafficking: the entrance “Focusing and Nonviolent Communication to repair the sexual exploitation” It offers new ideas.

Restorative Practices at school, a new way to resolve conflicts

Most disputes can be resolved in a satisfactory and beneficial way for all parties, provided that the necessary resources and time are dedicated. That's my personal and professional experience years learning, practice and transmission of Nonviolent Communication. It's as basic (not easy) as the necessary conditions for that resolution occurs. For me there are several must-haves, which can be summarized as follows:

  • An appropriate methodology, to allow all parties involved feel safe and respected in their rights.
  • Professionals with experiential training in mediation and deep listening skills and “translation” messages to make them easier to listen to each person.
  • A supportive community restorative processes, devoting time, spaces, human Resources, training…
  • People willing to resolve conflicts in a way that ultimately all parties feel heard and that all parties leave satisfied with the solution.

So for me it is a joy to share the resources developed by a large community of people in the neighborhood are Gotleu in Palma de Mallorca (Majorca), They are collecting and how they have worked each of those elements.

In this video you can see how they have been involved, with the revitalization of Institute for Coexistence and School Success (the Institute for Coexistence and School Success in Castilian) Government of the Balearic Islands, from the faculty of schools of Primary Education, Elementary and Secondary, students of all ages, families, and Social Services, police, University and other significant social groups. A mosaic of voices, We make us an idea of ​​the experiences of the creation of that network security in a socially vulnerable environment, and we see some results.

practicas_restaurativas_escuelaFor a more systematic view, is the publication containing the fundamentals. Published in Catalan, Castilian and English as part of a European project this subject, the Guide to improve coexistence with Restorative Practices / Guide Mejoramos coexistence with the practices restorative develops the theoretical aspects of Restorative Practices, more accurate data and provides concrete examples and suggestions for further reading for more information.

v_rullan_practicas_restaurativasAnd to deepen the Restorative Circles, a practice of conflict resolution social dimension originated in Nonviolent Communication, you can read the interesting monograph Justice and Restorative Practices. Restorative Circles and their application in various fields, written by Vicenç Rul·lan, a trainer who I have the pleasure of meeting, on the video and in the Guide, and he is a member of the Association of Restorative Justice Practices and Islands (to page Castilian and Catalan, with several resources more). A good introduction, to further deepen this particular model. And you can also watch videos (English) on the official website of the creator of the Restorative Circles, Dominic Barter,

I hope that these resources will awaken your creativity and your imagination to continue discovering more effective and deeper ways to resolve conflicts in the educational environment, and in any other area.


Exhibition “The interests of the child and the child in the court system” in the Day 18 November 2014 in Bilbao

Exhibition “The interests of the child and the child in the court system” in the Working Day “The best interests of the child and the child in the judicial process” Organized by Ararteko (Ombudsman of the Basque Country), Save the Children and UNICEF Basque Committee in commemoration of 25 anniversary of the adoption by the Assembly of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Date: Tuesday 18 November 2014, to 10:30.

Place: Library Courthouse Bilbao
C / Buenos Aires 6, 6Floor
Bilbao (Bizkaia)

Go to the page where you can download the leaflet and register.

[Original Entry 27 October 2014, updated 18 November 2014, date of the event.]

Nobel Prize for the defense of the rights of children with their participation

Spiral Consulting Children Since we have read with great joy these days the announcement that the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded 2014 two persons representing the defense of the rights of children with their participation. According to the Committee that awards the Nobel Prize, se les concede a Kailash Satyarthi y a Malala Yousafzai “for his fight against the oppression of children and the right of all children to education”, as they say in official statement in English. An Indian man, Hindu religion, and a Pakistani teenager, Muslim, each with its history of defending the rights of children, and yet both from the perspective of participation that fills us with satisfaction.

Kailash Satyarthi, Pepa and Javier whom we know by its proximity to the deal in Congress on the rights of children, receives the award after working for the rights of children for over three decades. That with only six years in his native India he saw the differences between those like him could go to school and other children who began working at that age. That led him to the defense of working children from 1980, India first Bachpan Bachao Bandol (Movement to Save the Children), he founded, then globally in the Global March Against Child Labour and then different movements for children, emphasizing its participation in campaigns for education. We particularly appreciate the emphasis always placed on the involvement of children in proceedings affecting them, and how children who have their rights recognized at least in part can fight for the rights of others not (hence the promotion of awareness activities in schools for those who can not study, eg. You can follow your work your website, we want to fill with more data after receiving the award, and in his Twitter account k_satyarthi.

Malala Yousafzai, It is a model of excellence and an example of what they can do for children when they find a space to express and defend their rights from their perspective. Malala rose to fame when the Taliban seriously wounded in a specific attack against it. Original del valle de Swat, in Pakistan, his father was a school teacher and had, with a history of struggle for the right to education of boys and girls. When the Taliban occupied the valley and began to limit access to education, especially girls, Malala, supported by his father and the whole family, He began at twelve Urdu writing a blog under a pseudonym in which recounted the difficulties they had to study every day. He eventually started dating in the media of Pakistan and gained notoriety, until the Taliban threatened to kill her and finally shot him when he returned from school. Fortunately he could now move forward despite the injuries and operations and (seventeen) keep studying, but in the UK, while it is defending the rights of all children to education, “including children of terrorists”, and insists. It has created a foundation in his name, Malala Fund, which also makes spokesman in with Twitter account MalalaFund, apart from your personal account @Official_Malala. You can see his character in this video snippet.

It is good news that allows to highlight the concrete example that people assume the day. We hope this blog will serve so that you can discuss the example Kailash and assume Malala, both professionals and home, especially with children, and adolescents, to be aware of the power they have. As Malala said at the news “My message to all children: fight for your rights. This award is for you”.

Congratulations to both from Spiral Consulting Children! Congratulations, Kailash and Malala!

Joe, Javier and Lucy

A policy to violence against children look at Spain

Last 26 June 2014 Congress finally approved the creation of a subcommittee to study violence against children in Spain. That same day I published several tweets followed in my personal account @pepahorno, I will use to lead the content of this post. The transcribe literally allowing me here, that I have not the space bounded by the number of characters in the tweets, add the items and do not use abbreviations.

It read:

(1) Crean subcommittee in Congress for the study of violence against children in Spain. I still remember the first paper on the subject in Congress, 2006 was…

(2) Welcome is, but children's issues are always times too long. Why be…?

(3) Is the protection of children is a matter of political mileage? It is a legal obligation, plus one of the measures of the value of a company.

(4) Already at that time MPs said the figures we took were too hard, he had to do something, that would create a commission…

(5) So on days like today I get to remember and reaffirm that there are struggles worthwhile.

As I said I was wrong in a really. It was the year 2006, was the 24 June 2005. Unicef organized a conference to mark the UN Study on Violence against Children in Congress, to which I was invited as a speaker, representing the work done in that time Save the Children. My role was to give an overview and Members of the forms of violence more severe and more common against children, and adolescents that occurred in Spain. Many who were by then we had years working to prevent and eradicate this problem (many of us continue in our work and commitment has joined the many other) and representatives of almost all political groups in the Congress then.

It's been nine years. And as I explained in my last tweet 's struggles worthwhile. The social sensitivity to the suffering of children in our country today is incomparably greater then, institutional recognition of the seriousness of the problem significantly more evident and some of the problems that I mentioned in my then absent phenomena even exposure of the public and political debate today are part of it, such as child victims of trafficking in Spain, denied the existence of many institutions at the time, o los child victims of gender violence they were not even recognized institutional, social, politically and legally as such at the time.

But, while recognizing the undeniable progress made in recent years: legislative developments, institutional and social, it is clear that violence against children is still not politically prioritized with the urgency that should a problem of this magnitude. More so is that the State is the ultimate guarantor of the protection of these children, and adolescents. Of those who they can not defend themselves, and depend on the consistency and courage of those who are in a position to make the necessary decisions to protect.

So if there will be a commission, finally if it is true that members of Congress and will conduct a study on conditions on the dimension of pain that thousands of children living in our country, then I want to expose some of the aspects that I most serious and urgent to address. I do it for personal coherence and thus can contribute to the debate and the work of the subcommittee and the policy decisions that can be derived from it. Because that is: achieve a political view on this issue. A political view that involves consciousness and commitment and prevent keep looking the other way when it comes to the suffering of those who can not always speak and certainly can not vote.

As I said in the 2005 to Members, the problems that I chose to expose were not the only, Nor are these the only data on violence against children in Spain that can occur, but I think that is the data that we can ignore the.

1. Most children who suffer violence, and adolescents in our country live in family environment. In recent years there has been much studied phenomena as bullying or child sexual exploitation, but statistics and research is continuing: violence perpetrated against children in Spain who exerted the most part children know and love, your family or a close or intimate setting. There are mostly unknown or criminal networks.

2. Violence against children, and adolescents in our country is not an immigration issue. There is a belief that most offenders and abusers are adults of foreign nationality, but it is not. They are Spanish citizens.

3. You need to visualize boys victims of violence. There is a deep-rooted belief in society, but also among professionals, that most victims of violence are girls. But, except in the case of child sexual abuse (and even then there was much to talk about it) this belief is not accurate. It is necessary to visualize the violence experienced by boys and develop specific strategies to address it.

4. In our country are being “killed” more children of which we imagine. Not that die, is to die violently at the hands of another person. But, there are no systematic data on the extent of this problem, no violence in general, but children who have died from violence in our country. Simply nobody has posted. And there's no way to know who killed them. If you want to know more about this topic, lean here.

5. The forms of violence against children in Spain frequently are psychological abuse and neglect. We are not talking, therefore, only physical violence, but children who grow up thinking they are useless, unworthy that nobody wants, alone and scared, to stop talking, eating or sleeping out of fear but never put their hands up. O children learning to be adults and take care of who should care for them, that stand to defend others from too habitual aggression, jumping in terror at the sound of the key in the front door. Violence, whatever the victim, begins long before putting a hand on a person. And that violence against children is no exception.

6. Data on juvenile violence by other children or adults have gained much more visibility in recent years, but do not represent the majority of cases of violence. Those who mostly use violence in Spain are adults, men and women, and children are the victims. Visible the violence committed by children, and adolescents is necessary, not only for the victims of such violence, whether children or adults, but because a child, child or adolescent who commits violence also need therapeutic care. But it can not be an excuse to obscure the most cases, are those in which violence is exercised adults.

If after taking these data, stop denying the evidence and suffering that lie behind them, ask what you can do, keep in mind that while we know how to reduce the pain. There are experiences evaluated, sustainable and effective in the eradication of violence against children. What we have not yet achieved is the institutional will to develop and implement them to the extent that we would need in Spain.

What are the key?

1. Institutional coordination. Coordination between the different Autonomous Communities to unify standards of quality care to children victims of violence. Coordination between law protecting women and child protective services so they can work hand in hand and not defensive. Coordination between the educational level, health, social, police and judicial under the umbrella of procedural protocols that go beyond the role.

2.The adequate and sufficient expertise of the professionals who care for children victims of violence, including the creation (or support in the event that the existing) assessment services and specialized treatment in each region that serve children victims of violence, sites are in the situation of vulnerability in, both at the administrative level, and police, health and judicial. All the nest niña victim of violence, this having been pursued by whom it has been, is in a risky situation. And as such she must be assured that adequate care is not dependent on the income of their families.

3. A judicial proceeding actually precede the interests of the child to any other legal standard. This is an issue that involves a variety of judicial and administrative, therefore I will not extend. If you want to know more about this topic, lean here.

4. Post all data concerning violence in its different dimensions in a unified way, including data of victims, not only the perpetrators. This includes a record of abuse cases actually make it a must for the Autonomous Communities, involuntary. That records of police and justice systematize data concerning not only the victims and the perpetrators of crimes, so we can know how many violent crimes are committed against children, and adolescents in our country.

5. Programs include affective-sexual education in schools and programs of psychosocial support to families in the early years of child's life they go, gently, changing beliefs that exist in our society, are those that enable, promote and legitimize violence against children, and adolescents. The work of raising and attitudinal change is slow but imperative.

I am aware that each of the above points would talk hours. But for me, and to the entire team of CI Spirals, is important advocacy work that has been nine years (and long before that) and will continue to do. To honor the pain of children, and adolescent victims of violence and their families. But the pain of adult men and women who keep within the suffering they endured as boys or girls and no one saw. The children of suffering in 2005 and have already become adults, in some cases accompanied and supported, in many other solos. And the pain of the professionals who work daily to ease her suffering without having to do with institutional resources, necessary human and financial. And why not, for members of that subcommittee, belong to the party they belong, never can say they did not know.


Friendly version of the Third Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure

In previous blog entries we celebrated the ratification and entry into force of the Third Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, a communications procedure allowing children themselves make claims or complaints to the Committee on the Rights of the Child in case of violation of their rights, after exhausting the legal authorities of your country (the protocol can be used only if the country has ratified the protocol, as in the case of Spain).

This protocol strengthens the rights of children to be protected, a participar, that they are heard and taken into account their views on the issues that affect them and that they can claim their rights before the guarantors thereof. But for the protection and participation of children is real, so they can form their own opinions and make decisions, It is essential to provide access to information in a friendly way and comprehensible to them.

In that sense, we like to share friendly version Promote the Protocol between girls, Children and adolescents prepared by the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary General of the United Nations on Violence Against Children, a document that lets the children on the Convention on the Rights of the Child, What is the Committee on the Rights of the Child and the use that children can make this international instrument as "grievance procedure" if some of their rights are violated.

If we want children's rights a reality in the lives of each, We must provide information not only about their rights and obligations but also the tools available to enforce them. Therefore, We encourage you to use this material with children, girls and adolescents to know the resources they have to protect.


Global survey on violence against children “Towards a World Without Violence”

One of the problems we encounter when working in child protection, and adolescents from violence is the conceptualization. Different positions have different concepts of what violence, and specifically what constitutes violence against children. It is a complex issue, in which positions can be based on personal views, cultural beliefs and superficial visions of violence and its consequences. So guides have agreed internationally always provides something solid on which to start building.

Advising on these weeks to an entity that wants to measure violence experienced by children, and adolescents with whom you work I referred to the interesting document Towards a World Without Violence. Global survey on violence against children (Toward a World Free From Violence. Global Survey on Violence Against Children, its full title in English), coordinated by Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary General of the United Nations on Violence Against Children. In the most recent data it collected (It was published in late 2013) worldwide on violence against children, as it is estimated that between 500 million and 1500 millions of children suffer some form of violence, or the cost of child maltreatment accumulated throughout life is about 124.000 million US dollars annually what includes, eg, the cost related to medical care, Social Protection, the justice system and lost productivity (You can read more details of the economic cost of violence in various countries in the page 19 of complete study in English). But there are also encouraging details, as the increased visibility of this phenomenon and to take measures in this regard in many countries, and as the European Union estimates that Each euro invested in prevention of violence produces a social performance 87 EUR (also on page 19 of complete study in English). Technically very interesting guidance is provided regarding the collection of data, especially pages 81 and 87 of complete study in English.

It is very useful the summary version in Castilian, collecting general data, major progress, the main concerns and challenges and general recommendations including that “Governments must recognize the importance of collecting disaggregated data on violence against children” (in the page 10 of summary).

I hope you find it of interest.


“Counting our dead” blog “Do not ask me calm”

There are issues that haunt you for a long time. Sometimes it's a face in a workshop, a story or a call full of pain. Sometimes it's a figure.

Which gave rise to this post came to me in the year 2008 when I read the “III and IV Report on Implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in Spain” presented by the Spanish State to the Committee on the Rights of the Child UN, body responsible for monitoring States in the implementation of the Convention.

By reading this report I was glad to find child-centered data, and particularly those data that gave visibility to children, and adolescent victims of crime. I looked for a figure who had asked several times and no one seemed to know me then: the number of children, and adolescents died violently in Spain. To achieve, I had to add several sections figures: children, girls and adolescents killed or homicide victims in Spain, children, and adolescents who had committed suicide or had died as a result of accidents caused by gross negligence of their guardians.

The result of that sum has haunted me personally until today. Any number would have been great, but that was too much for me. I felt rage. Rabia to compare that figure with many other resources or is allotted to institutional and socially reduce that number with those awarded to other. It hurt so that figure and said all its invisibility of our society.

Almost six years have passed. I spread this issue in talks, conferences, and above all workshops and other forums where fit make about advocacy. But when Xose Cuns asked me a while to write something in your blog “Do not ask me calm” I knew that that figure would be my contribution. Because his blog has become the benchmark for clarity and self-defense of the weakest for those who work in social issues. And because Xose is part of a network of great men he galegos I have the privilege of sharing ideals, laugh and change the world at a dinner in the soil occasionally and especially, call friends.

So I do not want to tell more. Just leave you the link to the entry that I wrote in “Do not ask me calm”, Its named “Counting our dead. Also when are children” because Xose has enriched my text with their introduction, videos, links, and because I would like leyerais and participarais in comments that raises.

And from Spirals CI, for this particular post some more so than others, ask you to help us dissemination.

Because I'm afraid that when reading the post acabéis I will not be the only one that number hurts.


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